Hernia occurs when there is a hole, tear or defect in the muscle wall, allowing intestine or other organs to bulge through. In other words, when the outer layer of our abdominal wall weaken or actually tears down causing internal organs to push through the tear creates hernia.

If a hernia disappears upon lying down or it can be pushed back to its position, it is considered reducible.

If does not disappear, it is non-reducible. Non reducible or imprisoned hernias cannot be replaced back in the abdomen, and necessitate surgical repair as soon as possible

What Causes Hernia?

Hernias may be congenital( present since birth) or it may be caused by a combination of muscle weakness and strain. A hernia can develop quickly or over a long period of time, depending on its cause.

Common causes of muscle weakness include:

  • It can be congenital. It means that you are born with this problem but its manifestation time might be different.
  • Due to old age, our muscles tend to atrophy resulting in formation of hernia.
  • Damage from injury or surgery

Factors that Strain Your Body and May Cause a Hernia (especially if your muscles are weak) Include:

  • Pregnancy especially multiple pregnancies causing continuous ¬†strain on abdominal muscles.
  • Chronic constipation or straining while passing urine regularly strain our muscles.
  • In young individuals, heavy weight lifting or excessive work outs may result in sports hernia
  • Certain abdominal diseases cause fluid or water to accumulate in our stomach which over a period of time may cause hernia.

Types of Hernia

hernia can occur at different places in the abdomen or in the area between the chest and thigh. Depending upon the site of hernia, they are classified into different types.

  1. Inguinal Hernia
  2. Epigastric Hernia
  3.  Incisional Hernia or Ventral Hernia
  4. Umbilical Hernia
  5. Femoral Hernia

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