Best laparoscopic hernia surgeon

An abdominal hernia occurs when there is a hole, tear or weak spot in the muscle wall, allowing intestine or other organ or, in some cases, fat to bulge through.

If a hernia disappears upon lying down, it is considered reducible.

If does not disappear, it is non-reducible.

A hernia can either be Congenital (a problem that you are born with) or acquired (develops because of a weakness in the tissues or from an injury).

Types of Hernia

There can be many forms of hernia but usually we encounter 5 types of hernia in majority of the patients.

  1. Inguinal Hernia
  2. Epigastric Hernia
  3. Ventral Incisional Hernia or Ventral Hernia
  4. Umbilical Hernia
  5. Femoral Hernia

Inguinal Hernia

  • About 75% of abdominal wall hernia are inguinal
  • Occur in the groin, which is the area between your abdomen and thigh.
  • The contents of the abdomen – namely the intestine – protrude through a tear in the abdominal wall muscle creating a visible bulge and sometimes pain.

Epigastric Hernia

  • Occur between the lower part of the breastbone and the naval
  • Caused by a weakness or opening in the fibrous tissue of the abdomen.
  • This type of hernia usually consists of fatty tissue and rarely contains intestinal tissue
  • Sometimes causes a great deal of pain.

Ventral Incisional Hernia or Ventral Hernia

  • Occur in the abdomen in the area of any prior surgical incision or scar.
  • Hernias of this type are often accompanied by a swelling or bulge near the area of the prior incision,
  • Can occur in 10-15% of abdominal surgeries especially in contaminated surgeries or in obese people
  • Pain may be an early warning sign of an incisional hernia, as there may not be any initial presence of a bulge.

Umbilical Hernia

  • Occur in or around the naval, or umbilicus.
  • May be present by birth
  • Occur in adults due to repeated strain or stress on the abdominal muscles.

Femoral Hernia

  • Femoral hernias are almost exactly the same as inguinal hernias.
  • Occurs when abdominal contents are forced through the “femoral canal”. Caused by a weakness or opening in the fibrous tissue of the abdomen.
  • This type of hernia occurs in an area just lower than the more common inguinal hernia.
  • Females are more prone to these types of hernias as opposed to men